Physical and mental aspects of quality of life among Afghan school-going adolescents


  • Abdul Qadim Mohammadi Herat Regional Hospital
  • Laila Qanawezi Herat Maternity Hospital
  • Vanya Rangelova Medical University Plovdiv
  • Habibah Afzali Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies
  • Raaz Mohammad Tabib Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies
  • Aroop Mohanty All India Institute of Medical Sciences



Quality of life, Physical component, Mental component, Adolescents, Afghanistan


Background: The World Health Organization define quality of life (QoL) as "the individual's perception of their position in life, within the context of the culture and value systems in which they live, and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards, and concerns’’. This study, focuses on the physical, and mental aspects of Afghan school adolescents' quality of life.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey study involving 545 adolescents was carried out in Herat province, Afghanistan. The participants were selected from 10 public primary, secondary, and high schools, which were randomly chosen from a pool of 86 schools registered with the Herat Education Department.

Results: The quality of life of almost half of the participants was poor on the physical component score (49.2%). Two-thirds of the participants had poor quality of life on the mental component score (66.8%). Multiple regression indicated that middle-income economic status (AOR=2.289, p=0.022), and low-income economic status (AOR=1.550, p=0.044) were significantly associated with physical component score of quality of life.  It indicated that place of residency (AOR=1.620, p=0.040) was significantly associated with physical component score of quality of life.

Conclusion: This study found that QoL of school students are low in both the physical and mental components. It is important to identify children and adolescents who are at risk of developing mental health problems at an early age. To help young people who are struggling with mental health issues and their access to medical treatments, targeted early preventative and intervention are required.

Author Biographies

Abdul Qadim Mohammadi, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Mental Health, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Laila Qanawezi, Herat Maternity Hospital

Herat Maternity Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Vanya Rangelova, Medical University Plovdiv

Department of Epidemiology and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Habibah Afzali, Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies

Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies, Herat, Afghanistan

Raaz Mohammad Tabib, Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies

Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies, Herat, Afghanistan

Aroop Mohanty, All India Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, India


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How to Cite

Mohammadi, A. Q., Qanawezi, L., Rangelova, V., Afzali, H., Tabib, R. M., & Mohanty, A. (2023). Physical and mental aspects of quality of life among Afghan school-going adolescents. Razi International Medical Journal, 3(2), 79–86.