Prevalence and associated factors of postpartum depression among Afghan women: A phase-wise cross-sectional study in Rezaie maternal hospital in Herat province


  • Khadija Sharifzade Herat Maternity Hospital
  • Bijaya Kumar Padhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • Subhanwita Manna Public Health Foundation of India
  • Kartikeya Ojha Sikkim Manipal University
  • Nasir Ahmad Farzan Ghalib University
  • Ahmad Neyazi Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies



Post-partum, Depression, Women, Herat-Afghanistan


Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common mood disorder affecting about 10–15% of adult mothers annually. This study aimed to find the prevalence and associated factors of postpartum depression among women in Herat province in Afghanistan.

Methods: Across-sectional study was conducted between 11 July 2021 and 15 September 15, 2021, among women who delivered a baby at Rezaie Maternal Hospital of Herat province (Afghanistan). A total of 242 women participated in the first phase of this study with a mean age of 25.40 ± 5.510. To assess the depression among participants, the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale was used.

Results: Almost half the participants reported that it was their first labour (45.0%). In the first phase, nearly half of the participants were found to have depression (45.5%). In the second phase of this study, less than one in three participants had depression (30.7%). More than one in five participants changed from depression to normal (21.5%). Almost half of the participants remained the same in both phases of this study (47.8%).

Conclusion: It is crucial to examine women's psychological health during the postnatal period to understand how we may assist women through targeted interventions based on their particular needs. Our study shows that the post-partum depression among women in Herat province of Afghanistan, decreases and factors such as educational level, number of family members, happening of bad event during the past month, and presence of physical illness have a direct impact on postpartum depression.

Author Biographies

Khadija Sharifzade, Herat Maternity Hospital

Herat Maternity Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan.

Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Subhanwita Manna, Public Health Foundation of India

Public Health Foundation of India, Delhi, India.

Kartikeya Ojha, Sikkim Manipal University

Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.

Nasir Ahmad Farzan, Ghalib University

Medical Faculty, Ghalib University, Herat, Afghanistan.

Ahmad Neyazi, Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies

Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies, Herat, Afghanistan.


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How to Cite

Sharifzade, K., Padhi, B. K., Manna, S., Ojha, K., Farzan, N. A., & Neyazi, A. (2022). Prevalence and associated factors of postpartum depression among Afghan women: A phase-wise cross-sectional study in Rezaie maternal hospital in Herat province. Razi International Medical Journal, 2(2), 63–70.