Hypertension among adult population of Herat city of Afghanistan: A cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Laleh Sahadat Herat Regional Hospital
  • Rafea Khatibi Herat Regional Hospital
  • Marjan Shayiq Herat Regional Hospital
  • Shiwa Omidwar Herat Regional Hospital
  • Sadaf Wali Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies
  • Ghulam Dawood Hashemi Herat Regional Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56101/rimj.v3i2.72

Keywords:

hypertension, risk factors, Herat, Afghanistan

Abstract

Background: Hypertension as a major health problem around the world which is responsible for 7.5 million or 12.8% of all deaths yearly around the world. To date, there is a scarcity of data concerning prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in Herat province of Afghanistan. Therefore, the present study estimated the prevalence of hypertension and its predictors among Afghan adults living in Herat city.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was administered in August 2022 among adults (N=504) in the Herat province of Afghanistan. The study examined hypertension, its risk factors among people living in Herat province of Afghanistan.

Results: Of the 504 participants, 27.4% of them had hypertension. age group, gender, body mass index (BMI), marital status, occupation, smoking, presence of another disease, and use of social media, were among the main variables associated with hypertension among participants of the study. Multiple regression analysis indicated that age (AOR=1.036, p<0.001), BMI (AOR=1.077, p=0.003), gender (AOR=2.910, p<0.001), presence of disease (AOR=0.541, p=0.026), use of social media (AOR=0.504, p=0.007), and Borani (AOR=1.316, p=0.028) were significantly associated with presence of hypertension.

Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension is found high among adults living in Herat province of Afghanistan. One of the variables found to have a major impact on the prevalence of hypertension was eating Borani food. There is a need for health practitioners to assess self-care activities and blood pressure control, and educate patients the importance of hypertension monitoring and teaching practical techniques to boost their confidence and motivation to achieve a better self-care to have a healthier life.

Author Biographies

Laleh Sahadat, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Rafea Khatibi, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Marjan Shayiq, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Shiwa Omidwar, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

Sadaf Wali, Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies

Afghanistan Center for Epidemiological Studies, Herat, Afghanistan

Ghulam Dawood Hashemi, Herat Regional Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Herat Regional Hospital, Herat, Afghanistan

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Published

2023-11-29

How to Cite

Sahadat, L., Khatibi, R., Shayiq, M., Omidwar, S., Wali, S., & Hashemi, G. D. (2023). Hypertension among adult population of Herat city of Afghanistan: A cross-sectional study. Razi International Medical Journal, 3(2), 54–61. https://doi.org/10.56101/rimj.v3i2.72

Issue

Section

RESEARCH ARTICLE(S)